This paper focuses on biophysical parameter retrieval based on Gaussian Processes (GPs). Very often an arbitrary transformation is applied to the observed variable (e.g. chlorophyll content) to better pose the problem. This standard practice essentially tries to linearize/uniformize the distribution by applying non-linear link functions like the logarithmic, the exponential or the logistic functions. In this paper, we propose to use a GP model that automatically learns the optimal transformation directly from the data. The so-called warped GP regression (WGPR) presented in  models output observations as a parametric nonlinear transformation of a GP. The parameters of such prior model are then learned via standard maximum likelihood. We show the good performance of the proposed model for the estimation of oceanic chlorophyll content, which outperforms the regular GPR and a more advanced heteroscedastic GPR model.
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