Hypersectral dimenstionality reduction for biophysical variable statistical retreival

Current and upcoming airborne and spaceborne imaging spectrometers lead to vast hyperspectral data streams. This scenario calls for automated and optimized spectral dimensionality reduction techniques to enable fast and efficient hyperspectral data processing, such as inferring vegetation properties. In preparation of next generation biophysical variable retrieval methods applicable to hyperspectral data, we present the evaluation of 11 dimensionality reduction (DR) methods in combination with advanced machine learning regression algorithms (MLRAs) for statistical variable retrieval. Two unique hyperspectral datasets were analyzed on the predictive power of DR + MLRA methods to retrieve leaf area index (LAI): (1) a simulated PROSAIL reflectance data (2101 bands), and (2) a field dataset from airborne HyMap data (125 bands). For the majority of MLRAs, applying first a DR method leads to superior retrieval accuracies and substantial gains in processing speed as opposed to using all bands into the regression algorithm. This was especially noticeable for the PROSAIL dataset: in the most extreme case, using the classical linear regression (LR), validation results RCV2 (RMSECV) improved from 0.06 (12.23) without a DR method to 0.93 (0.53) when combining it with a best performing DR method (i.e., CCA or OPLS). However, these DR methods no longer excelled when applied to noisy or real sensor data such as HyMap. Then the combination of kernel CCA (KCCA) with LR, or a classical PCA and PLS with a MLRA showed more robust performances (RCV2 of 0.93). Gaussian processes regression (GPR) uncertainty estimates revealed that LAI maps as trained in combination with a DR method can lead to lower uncertainties, as opposed to using all HyMap bands. The obtained results demonstrated that, in general, biophysical variable retrieval from hyperspectral data can largely benefit from dimensionality reduction in both accuracy and computational efficiency.
Rivera-Caicedo, J.P.; Verrelst, J.; Muñoz-Marí J.; Camps-Valls, G. and Moreno, J.
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ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
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